24/09/2021

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SOP violation led to AI Express crash in Kozhikode, says probe report

Non-adherence to normal running technique resulted in the Air India Convey Boeing 737 crash at Kozhikode airport in August 2020, the Aircraft Incident Investigation Bureau (AAIB) mentioned in its final report.

The investigation report, which was introduced by AAIB Director General Team Captain Aurobindo Handa on Saturday, concluded that the possible lead to of the incident was the pilot’s conclusion to continue on with an unstabilised method and failure to have out a “go around” inspite of phone calls for the similar by the co-pilot.

The Boeing 737 aircraft (VT AXH), which was running Dubai-Kozhikode flight, landed 50 percent way down the runway just before crashing into a gorge. 20 persons, including both the pilots, have been killed in the incident.

Whilst the investigation blames the pilots for bad co-ordination, it has also stated out other elements that contributed to the crash. Lower visibility and a faulty windshield viper led to degraded visual cues on landing. “The pilot in command was having a number of un-prescribed anti-diabetic drugs that could have possibly brought on refined cognitive deficits because of to delicate hypoglycemia, which possibly contributed to problems in advanced conclusion generating,” the report mentioned.

“The steps and decisions of the PIC (pilot in command) have been steered by a misplaced motivation to land again at Kozhikode to work future day morning flight AXB 1373. The unavailability of sufficient variety of captains at Kozhikode was the outcome of faulty AI Convey HR policy which does not get into account operational demands although assigning everlasting foundation to its captains. There was only one captain versus 26 Initially Officers on the posted strength at Kozhikode,” it mentioned.

The report factors out that hundred per cent monitoring of flight knowledge was not remaining carried out by Air India Convey. Flight knowledge monitoring is the most helpful software to identify exceedance and present acceptable corrective education to avert mishaps.

Nonetheless, action taken studies submitted by the airline have been approved by the DGCA 12 months just after 12 months without the need of ascertaining its implementation, the report mentioned.

Meteorological aids, runway infrastructure and job of firefighting and health care crew at Kozhikode arrived underneath the investigation scanner far too.

Precision of documented surface winds for the runway was impacted by installation of wind sensor in contravention of the laid out conditions. This was aggravated by frequent breakdown because of to bad servicing. Further, the Tower Satisfied Officer (TMO) was not accessible in the ATC tower inspite of inclement temperature.

Kozhikode, which has a table leading runway, has a runway stop protection location (RESA) that assists avert an aircraft from overshooting. But the RESA in Kozhikode airport was not preserved as per demands and was not ploughed often to arrest pace of an aircraft in situation of an overrun.

A five-member crew led by Captain S S Chahar carried out the probe. Other crew users involved operations skilled Ved Prakash, senior aircraft servicing engineer Mukul Bharadwaj, aviation drugs skilled Team Captain (Dr) Y S Dahiya and AAIB deputy director J S Largha.

Before this week, Civil Aviation Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia mentioned, “What ever methods are advocated in the report, they will have to be implemented. A team of persons in the ministry will be tasked with utilizing the suggestions in the report.”

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